Deoghar (Hindi: देवघर) is the main city of the Deoghar District in the Santhal Parganas division of the state of Jharkhand, India. In hindi it is called “dev ka ghar” Baidyanath Temple is one of the twelve Shiva Jyothirlingams in India and one of the 51 Sanctum sanctorum of Lord shiva. It is 150 km from Bhagalpur and 70 Km from Godda. It is the 5th largest city of Jharkhand. The city is well planned and very organized. Recently, Nishikant Dubey , MP from Godda and Deoghar made Deoghar to be in the list of 100 SMART CITY , envisioned by Our prime minister Mr. Narendara Modi. The upper caste population dominates Deoghar, mainly priests known as pandas.
Origin Of Name
Deoghar is a Hindi word and the literal meaning of ‘Deoghar’ is abode (‘ghar’) of the Gods and Goddesses (‘dev’). Deoghar is also known as “Baidyanath Dham”, “Baba Dham”. The origin of Baidyanathdham is lost in ancient times. It has been referred to as Haritakivan or Ketakivan in Sanskrit texts. The myth of installation of linga is that Ravana, by his extreme worship and devotion made Lord shiva to agree to shift his abode from kailash to lanka. But Lord shiva tactfully, put a condition. While in journey linga should not be placed. If placed, shall be placed eternal. while carrying linga from kailash , Ravana put the linga here, and went to pee. Ravana could not lift linga and this linga was placed eternally , known as Baidyanath Dham.
After Baidhnath temple installation , then this its referred to Deoghar in later period. Who built the temple is not known , but certain portion , mainly front or some partial innovation was done by Puran Mal, an ancestor of the Maharaja of Giddhour, in 1596. In the month of sawan or july ,august , many devotee takes ganga jal from sultanganj to deoghar for worship and they get the desire wish of their life.
Places to visit in and around Deoghar
- Rikhia Ashram: It is an branch of Bihar School of Yoga (Sri Sri Panch Dashanam Paramhansa Alakhbarah) and was established by Paramahamsa Swami Satyananda Saraswati.The ashram has been working on the yoga of Serve,Love and Give to uplift the lives of people.
- Nandan Pahar: A hill in Deoghar with several temples apart from a ghost house, a boot house, a mirror house and a restaurant. It’s a major tourist attraction.
- Basukinath (in Dumka District): A Shiva Temple, and the pilgrimage to Babadham is considered incomplete without paying homage at Basukinath. It is an indigenous temple decorated with local art. It’s known to fulfill the wish of people in a very short span of time.
- Naulakha Mandir: It’s a small replica of belur math in kolkatta. Inside there are idols of Radha-Krishna. Naulakha mandir itself suggest the word naun lakh. The cost to make this temple at that time by Queen Charushila of Pathuria Ghat King’s family cost 9 lakh rupee.
Ramakrishna Mission Vidyapith: It was established in 1922 with the objective of imparting modern education combined with the values of ancient culture along the lines of the ancient Gurukul.
- Satsanga Ashram: It is a holy place for devotees of Sree Sree Thakur Anukulchandra, in Deoghar, established by himself in 1946. The devotees of thakur anukulchandra visit ashram across the world.
- Tapovana Its a temple of Shiva, called Taponath Mahadeva. In one of the caves, a Shiva lingam is installed. It is said that Sage Valmiki came here for penance and Sri Sri Balananda Brahmachari obtained Siddhi here. Tapo means meditation and vana means forest. It means meditation in forest.
- Shivganga It is a pool of water or called pond situated outside Baidhnath temple.This pond is now known as Shivaganga. People bathe in shivganga, before they enter the sanctum sanctorum.
- Trikut Pahar: A hill , with three main peaks from which it gets its name, Trikutachal. A temple of Shiva here, known as the Trikutachal Mahadeva Temple, and an altar of the goddess of Trishuli. It’s a also a major tourist attaraction.